1. What were the key findings in the House Intelligence Committee report regarding Chinese telecommunications companies?

The House Intelligence Committee accused Huawei and ZTE of being a national security threat due to concerns about potential espionage activities and their alleged ties to the Chinese government.

  1. Why did the committee recommend that American companies avoid using telecommunications gear from Huawei and ZTE?

The committee believed that due to the perceived security risks posed by Huawei and ZTE, American companies should seek alternative vendors for their telecommunications equipment purchases.

  1. How did Huawei and ZTE respond to the accusations made by the committee?

Huawei criticized the report as a “political distraction” and reaffirmed its commitment to security and transparency. ZTE reiterated its stance that they do not pose a threat to U.S. telecommunications infrastructure.

  1. What specific allegations did the House Intelligence Committee make against Huawei in the report?

The committee highlighted allegations of illegal behavior by Huawei officials, including fraud, bribery, copyright infringement, and immigration violations. They also mentioned a referral of fraud and bribery allegations to the Justice Department.

  1. What was the significance of the Committee’s focus on Huawei in comparison to ZTE?

The committee targeted Huawei more heavily, citing former and current employees’ unverified claims of illegal behavior. They also emphasized Huawei’s size and impact in the telecommunications industry.

  1. How did Huawei and ZTE defend themselves against the allegations in the report?

Both companies emphasized their commitment to transparency, security, and global standards. They argued that the concerns over their Chinese origins were unfounded and suggested that a broader investigation into all companies manufacturing in China was necessary.

  1. What measures did ZTE propose to address cybersecurity concerns raised by the Committee?

ZTE proposed a Trusted Delivery Model, which involved transferring equipment elements to an independent third-party assessment laboratory with U.S. government oversight to ensure cybersecurity.

  1. What actions did Huawei and ZTE take to cooperate with the Committee during the investigation?

Both companies engaged in open communication and provided documentation to address concerns raised by the Committee. They sought to demonstrate their transparency and willingness to cooperate in addressing cybersecurity issues.

  1. How did the Committee respond to ZTE’s Trusted Delivery Model proposal?

The Committee acknowledged ZTE’s efforts with the Trusted Delivery Model but raised technical questions about its effectiveness. They recommended ongoing efforts to identify effective cybersecurity measures.

  1. What was ZTE’s stance on the Committee’s investigation and findings?

ZTE expressed disappointment in the narrow focus of the investigation on Chinese companies, excluding Western vendors. They suggested a broader examination including all companies manufacturing in China to address telecom infrastructure security comprehensively.

  1. What was Huawei’s approach to addressing the Committee’s concerns regarding cybersecurity and national security?

Huawei emphasized its global presence, commitment to network security, and adherence to Western management practices. They highlighted their track record of providing secure solutions worldwide.

  1. What was the Committee’s ultimate goal in releasing the report on Huawei and ZTE?

The Committee aimed to raise awareness about potential security risks and encourage a more vigilant approach to telecommunications equipment sourcing, advocating for a free and open market while addressing cybersecurity threats.


The House Intelligence Committee’s report on Huawei and ZTE raised significant concerns about national security threats posed by these Chinese telecommunications giants. Accusations of espionage, illegal behavior, and ties to the Chinese government led to recommendations for American businesses to avoid their products. However, Huawei and ZTE defended themselves, emphasizing transparency, security measures, and the need for global standards.

The report underscored the importance of cybersecurity in telecommunications infrastructure and proposed solutions such as ZTE’s Trusted Delivery Model. While the investigation focused heavily on Huawei, both companies faced scrutiny over their Chinese origins. Moving forward, a more comprehensive approach to cybersecurity, involving all companies manufacturing in China, was suggested to safeguard U.S. national security interests. Readers are encouraged to stay informed about cybersecurity issues and make informed decisions regarding telecommunications equipment sourcing. For more information, visit our website for updates on cybersecurity best practices and industry developments.